Anal Fissure, Anal fistula and Hemorrhoids in Somalia. A Retrospective hospital study
Awale Mohamed Abdullahi MD12,MMed , Mohamed Abdikarim MD1
1. International Hospital Mogadishu,
2. Somali National university and Simad University
Corresponding author: Mohamed Abdullahi Awale (email@example.com) (+252617625656)
Anorectal pain and discomfort are common complaints in the general population, and can stem from a number of possible causes. Its culturally barrier patients to seek medical advice from clincs or hospitals.
Objective: to assess the knowledge and demographic data of anal fissure, anal fistula and hemorrhoids
Methods: we carried out a retrospective analysis of hospital registry covering all patients at IHM complaining ano rectal pain and discomfort 1st January 2017- December 31st 2017. Results: fifty two patients were recruited. 14 patients were internal hemorrhoids, 9 were external hemorrhoids , anal fissure 21 cases, and anal fistula was 8 cases.39 were males, 13 were females. Mean age group 27 years(13 years-52years), 70%patients came from Mogadishu. 50 patients responded having hemorrhoids on first visit, 10 female patients refused to have Anorecatal Examination. 45 patients visited to OBGY and internal medicine practice.
Conclusion: study showed low level of knowledge of anorectal disease, female shyness, and Discipline conflict.
Recommendation: study recommends public awareness of anorectal disease, referring patients to Surgeon and encouragement of women into examination.
Key terms: Hemorriods, anal fissure and Anal fistula
in Somalia, patients complaining to the anal canal thought to be hemorrhoids. in this study found most common complain was tear or crack at anal canal.